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Notes on Meetings with HWC 


Notes of the Meeting between HWC and Heritage Structures  

Located in the Southern Cape & Klein Karoo Region 

Held at the George Museum on 18 June, 2019 


These notes are not minutes of the meeting but cover the various points from the agenda as presented by Heritage Western Cape for general discussion.  The notes should also be read in conjunction with the Notes for the Meeting presented by De Rust Heritage to be discussed by the HWC Council (see below this document): 


Introduction: Ms Colette Scheermeyer the Director of HWC apologised for the absence of Dr Mxolisi Dlamuka the CEO of Heritage Western Cape who had been called to a meeting in Pretoria at short notice.  

She also provided a background to the HWC intentions to reach out to the various regions in the Western Cape as expressed by Dr Dlamuka in December, 2018 at the meeting in Oudtshoorn (see under Klein Karoo Heritage Forum). It was also mentioned that HWC was resource scarce in terms of both budget and staff requirements and needed to look at how best to service the heritage requirements of all communities in the Western Cape including the more rural areas of the Province.   

In conclusion, there was a brief explanation of how Heritage Western Cape recognised the need to be able to offer a professional service to all the regions in the Western Cape, even those outside the direct area surrounding Cape Town, Stellenbosch and the Drakenstein/Paarl region.


Matters of Regional Concern:  

Following the introduction by the Director of Heritage Western Cape the major points flowing from the agenda were as follows: 


HWC Permit Applications: Ms. Scheermeyer explained that in the last year HWC had handled around three thousand (3 000) permit applications – an average of 250 per month. The question was then raised how many of these were Grade 3 level applications which should really be handled by the local municipalities and registered heritage bodies who were in many cases better placed to handle these and had the resources to do so?   

It was agreed that not all local municipalities had the capability to handle Level 3 applications and in those cases HWC would still need to be involved. However, in the case of better resourced municipalities the principal of regular audits would be a logical way of checking on correct processes being followed.   

The above approach for those capable of handling this approach such as the Greater Oudtshoorn Municipality in conjunction with the registered heritage bodies - Heritage Oudtshoorn Erfenis and De Rust Heritage. This would reduce the chance of permits being incorrectly issued by HWC which had already been turned down on sound grounds by the Joint Permit Committee in Oudtshoorn.  


Enforcement: There was a discussion around enforcement of contraventions of the National Heritage Resources Act and it was admitted that HWC had neither the resources, will or ability to enforce contraventions – particularly in the more far flung areas of the province.  

Following the discussion there was broad agreement that enforcement at local level was possible by municipalities broadening the scope of their by-laws to accommodate contraventions.  This could be done relatively quickly and would ensure that offenders would be handled both speedily and effectively.  

This approach would also ensure that local communities would be closer to seeing and understanding the law in terms of contraventions through their Building Control Officials who are on the ground on a regular basis.  

In this regard De Rust provides an excellent case study of local management co-ordinated efforts on the ground between the Building Control Officials in Oudtshoorn, De Rust Heritage and the Joint Permit Committee which meets every second week in Oudtshoorn.      


Competence: The view was expressed by the Oudtshoorn representatives that the Greater Oudtshoorn Municipality through its existing structures was capable of managing all Grade 3 level applications at the local level.  

It was agreed that the Legal Advisor of HWC would send the necessary documentation for a competence assessment by Heritage Western Cape to the Oudtshoorm Municipality as well as copying the two registered heritage bodies Heritage Oudtshoorn Erfenis and De Rust Heritage.  


Heritage Surveys & Inventories:  As a follow-up the question of heritage surveys and inventories was raised and the view was expressed that in the case of most local municipalities the costs of such an exercise were out of reach. In the case of Stellenbosch and Paarl (the Drakenstein Municipality) private funding was available.  However, for the large majority of smaller rural municipalities this is not an option. In this regard I refer to the De Rust Heritage website under Heritage Inventories where we have links to both Stellenbosch and Greyton as examples of both large and smaller surveys.   

There was also discussion around the inventory conducted in De Rust some years ago by the University of Port Elizabeth (now Nelson Mandela University) under the direct supervision of Prof Franco Frescura. It was suggested that this could be submitted as a first step towards compiling a more detailed and updated inventory in the future. 


Community Sustainability: There was also discussion around the issue of community sustainability linked to heritage conservation.  The view of De Rust Heritage is that unless community sustainability is present then efforts made in preserving heritage will fail.  Communities have to be successful in order for the heritage part of the equation to be fully integrated into the “Hearts and Minds” of those living and working in that community environment.        


The Issue of Values: Values are often quoted by people at all levels of society but are seldom really understood – most people who quote “values” often believe that all should share their value system.  This is not the case as seen below quoting from the work of Prof Clare Graves and Dr Don Beck. 

Equally, the issue of “heritage” is seen differently at different stages on the values spectrum.  As an example a person who is battling just to survive is certainly not going to be interested in anything “heritage” and may in fact be part of destroying rather than building heritage just to stay alive.   

  • Values of Existence: Staying Alive at all Costs - Individual Values
  • Values of the Tribe: The Tribal Order and Good of the Tribe - Ubuntu - Group Values
  • Power Now Values: I want “Power Now” not later - Individual Values 
  • Values of Stability: Building a Stable Safe Society for All - Group Values
  • Values of Enterprise: Innovation/Industry and Success - Individual Values
  • Green Eco-Values: Saving the Environment and Our World - Group Values
  • Integrated Global Values: Understanding the Whole World Mix - Integrated Group and Individual Values   

Each individual globally is a mix of a number of the above values and the predominant value in their mix is how they will in all probability react. The question of values and change are critical in terms of the individual worldviews and how each person sees their world and manage change.  It is important to note that no single value or mix of values is better or worse than others – it is how to best manage these constructively for the improved welfare of all.  

Based on the above research over more than 70 years, there is significant real world evidence to show that in South Africa in particular we have the “full mix” of values which are not always evident in many other countries. Based on this we need to carefully consider how to tackle many important issues including heritage.  Heritage will succeed or fail depending on the understanding of how to manage the “values mix” present in our community, region or country.    

Understanding values is the key to building sustainable communities at both the micro and macro level.  This in turn results in successful communities, regions and countries with positive values being in the majority.


Other Issues Covered: 

Education: Nelson Mandela is quoted as saying, “Education is the most powerful weapon which you can use to change the world.”   

Heritage education at all levels should be part of the educational curriculum in both schools and tertiary institutions covering the full range of values present in a society. A better understanding of heritage issues will lead to better inter-personal communications at all levels of the population.   


Stories: We at De Rust Heritage believe that stories are part of the fabric of our community and environment. To this end we have a section on our website called “De Rust & District Stories” where we are in the process of documenting those still available where there are still people alive who can recount these tales for posterity.  

Stories are part of the fabric of our society and we are also attempting to obtain other stories from the distant past which have been passed down from individual to individual by word of mouth over the generations.  


Historic Mountain Passes: The issue of the upkeep and preservation of both the Swartberg and Montague Passes was raised.  This related particularly to the responsibility for these heritage assets and why under current circumstances the issue did not appear to be a fully integrated part of the current Provincial Governments Management Plan.  


Mission Stations: There was discussion around the current preservation status of Mission Stations.  It was explained that in many cases the mission stations were owned by the various religious organisations and as such it was difficult to ensure that preservation always took place in terms of the Act. 


There being no further items for discussion the meeting closed at 17h00.


De Rust Heritage 

19 June, 2019




Klein Karoo Heritage Forum  

Notes for the Meeting of HWC and Registered Heritage Bodies

Scheduled to be held in George on 18 June, 2019


The points below are scheduled to be presented as a constructive way of improving the current effectiveness and roles which exist between Heritage Western Cape and the local municipalities and registered heritage bodies in our region:  


  • Why is it so difficult for HWC to understand the need for on-going and open communication with registered heritage bodies?  
  • Why was the notice of the meeting not communicated directly to all registered Heritage Bodies in the Southern Cape & Klein Karoo Region? 

Issuing of Heritage Permits by HWC

  • How are HWC Permits issued without adequate communication or approved plans from Local Municipalities and Heritage Bodies?
  • What does it take to get a prompt reply on Grade 2 listed applications such as the new fence at the NG Kerk in De Rust? 

Structure including Regional Resources

  • Does HWC not understand that centralised structures are by their very nature cumbersome and inefficient in the 21st Century environment?
  • Why does HWC not consider developing a “regional structure” for the  Western Cape using the Southern Cape/Klein Karoo as a Pilot Study?
  • There should be no need for additional HWC resources as regular meetings can be set up with HWC Officials from Cape Town as required.  

Building Capability in Local Authorities

  • A number of local authorities and registered heritage bodies in the Southern Cape have the capability of carrying out Level 3 grading.
  • Why is Level 3 Grading even being done in Cape Town and who does it?
  • The way to build capability in local authorities is to allow them to manage the Level 3 grading process just as they do with normal building plan approvals. This also includes the proposed HWC Heritage Inspectors.
  • In addition, the Legal Advisor to HWC admitted at a previous meeting of the Southern Cape & Klein Karoo Forum that Heritage Western Cape do not have the funds to take legal action against offenders to the NHRA.  
  • Many local authorities do not have the available funds to carry out the prescribed heritage surveys and inventories based on current HWC requirements. Heritage resources are currently also being lost due to the excessive delays and the bureaucracy involved with HWC.  

Using Available Resources Most Effectively

  • South Africa is a resource scarce country in terms of the necessary skills required to move the country forward. This is not likely to change in the short to medium term.
  • It is an acknowledged fact that our education system is dysfunctional at all levels including universities. Currently there are no South African universities in the top 200 positions of the Global Universities Ranking.
  • Many HWC registered heritage bodies have retired top executive, professional and managerial skills available in their ranks. In terms of Presidents Rhamaposa’s recent “Thuma Mina” national initiative is it not time to use these available voluntary skills more effectively?  

An Integrated Approach to Heritage

Heritage does not exist in a vacuum and in order to be successful needs to be integrated with other aspects such as the environment and tourism, particularly eco-tourism.  

Global tourism is the growth industry of the 21st Century and brings enormous benefits to the South African economy including the ability to create sustainable communities by providing employment at all levels. 

Without an integrated approach to heritage we will continue to experience the degradation of the environment as a whole, including our heritage. However, in many cases the approach to heritage by professionals in the field is to focus on heritage as a stand-alone, rather than as part of an integrated whole.  

As economies develop and their populations become more demanding the inter-linked issues of heritage and the environment become increasingly important to all involved.  In addition, failing economies are not concerned with heritage in any way – cases in point are Afghanistan, Iraq and Syria.   

South Africa is at a critical stage of development where a large percentage of the population are moving from the rural to urban areas. We also have high levels of unemployment and crime which has no regard for heritage or any related issues but solely the issues of survival on a day-to-day basis.    

It is in this often unstable environment that heritage is unlikely to survive in any meaningful way in its present form. I wish to refer here to the article “Historical Conservation in South Africa – An Unmitigated Disaster” by Professor Franco Frescura  originally published in December, 2015 which can be found on our website under Heritage Western Cape – Articles and Comments and recently re-published on the Heritage Portal.      


Key Proposals for Consideration by the Council of HWC.

  • Based on the above issues we believe it is critical to relook at how the issue of heritage should be fully integrated into the national mix in order to preserve our valuable and often irreplaceable historical resources.
  • We believe the proposed changes can lead to greater innovation and effectiveness in the implementation and protection of our shared heritage resources in the Western Cape and in the broader South Africa. In addition, it will also enhance and develop skills at the local level.
  • We would therefore, appreciate the above points being urgently considered by the Council of Heritage Western Cape.

Note: Following the meeting these notes will be expanded to report on the results of the meeting. 

De Rust Heritage Conservation Association

15 June, 2019